Programme 11 - The relationships between science and belief | Science & Belief
Programme 11 - The relationships between science and belief
This programme equips learners to consider and respond to these questions:
• Are science and religion in conflict?
• Are they separate, independent?
• Do they interact with each other?
• Are they engaged in a common search for understanding, that is, are they potentially integrated?
Galileo was persecuted by the Church for affirming the truth that the sun is the centre of the solar system, rather than the earth. He was forced to recant these beliefs on his knees, although perhaps he did not really believe his recantation. The history was complex: maybe more of a squabble than the mighty clash it is sometimes seen as.
If religious belief is reinforced by tradition and literalism, is it essentially conservative? Is it always under threat from progressive science? Or are there more fruitful ways of characterising the relationship between science and belief?
Four models of the relation between science and religion are outlined. Insight from faith and religion, and challenges from science to religious tradition, suggest there can be a view both ways that is positive.